"HEAD~EXAM" LAPTOP SLEEVE
A fun gift for the budding experimental psychologist you might know! According to the mid to late 1800's, "science" of phrenology, an individual's character and abilities could be deduced from the size and shape of various bumps on the head. Phrenology had developed an enormous following, especially in America where they were starved for a "scientific" insight into the human mind. Characteristics such as verbal memory, "Amativeness" and "Secretiveness" were supposed to be controlled by corresponding areas, or "organs," of the brain. The more developed the trait, the larger the organ, and the larger a protrusion it formed in the skull.Phrenologists also believed that such traits — and their respective organs — could be modified through the practice of restraint or by the conscious "exercise" of a positive quality. Though phrenology fell into deserved disrepute, modern scientists note that in some ways it was remarkably prescient. As early as 1929, in his History of Experimental Psychology, Harvard psychologist Edwin G. Boring wrote that "it is almost correct to say that scientific psychology was born of phrenology, out of wedlock with science."